Thursday, May 21, 2020
Post completion of section two of Women and Work in Canada readings, I started preparing for my interview with a woman of my choosing. I decided to interview my aunt Ms. Ms. Murphy Murphy. She is wife, a mother of two boys, and an educator to young adolescents. Using the outline questions that assignment two provided, I was able to complete an interview with Ms. Murphy and have the following conversation about her paid and unpaid work. I took notes throughout the interview and listened attentively. Comparing her paid and unpaid work, to the women in the assigned readings for section two was comparetivlity, some situations were the same. Ms. Murphy was raised in a small community in western Prince Edward Island. She has threeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦After accomplishing her education degree and arts degree, at the University of Prince Edward Island, she moved to Northern Alberta in 1981 and began teaching. Teaching French from 1982-1983, and then substituting 1983-1985 at a local Junior High school, which ultimately lead to her getting a full time position as a teacher at M.E Callaghan Jr. High. Ms. MurphyÃ¢â¬â¢s paid work consists of teaching young children at a local junior high school. Her daily routine involved planning lessons and teaching the lessons. Ã¢â¬Å"I do the best I can to have students meet essential outcomesÃ¢â¬ (Murphy). Ms. Murphy is a very dedicated educator, and is always willing to help children before and after school, assisting them in understanding the course material. Ms. Murphy strives to promote a welcoming classroom and a safe learning environment so that children are comfortable in asking questions, enabling them to expand their minds. Ms. Murphy also attends meetings with her peers in-regards to learning new strategies, knowing children have different learning styles. After Ms. MurphyÃ¢â¬â¢s long day of teaching, she also donates her time to chaperone daily school actives, and special monthly actives. Ms. MurphyÃ ¢â¬â¢s paid work is from 8:30am-3:30pm, followed by unpaid work, for school which is 3:30pm-5:00pm. When this part of her day is complete, she continues to work at home correcting school work and she maintains her house work
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
One of the central premises of Durkheim s theory is grounded in the concept of social facts. According to Durkheim, social facts are, Ã¢â¬Å"ways of acting, thinking, and feeling that are external to individuals and exerts control over them.Ã¢â¬ Essentially, these social facts are external to an individual and exists independently of a single person. These social facts exist in the networks of interaction between people, making them harder to notice, until a person goes against them at which point they are meet with consequences, sanctions and regulation. Social facts coupled with collective consciousness, which consist of the shared norms, beliefs and values of a society, creates a sense of solidarity among a society and eventually to a realityÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Despite the fact that western countries prohibit sweatshops and are collectively against poor working conditions, child labour, and poor wages on a domestic level and therefore resist, they still contribute by participating in trading practices with these sweatshops in other countries. Another distinguishing aspect of an organic solidity is the emphasis on individualism, especially in western societies. The emphasis is placed on the individual which fuels into consumerism, and their lack of society on a larger scale. The emphasis on consumerism only furthers the agenda and financially support these sweatshops, which doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t necessairly benefit everyone equally. Durkheim s argument of solidarity is closely linked to the division of labour. Durkheim defines division of labour as a method of production that produces interdependency between individuals. An organic solidarity society, the specialization of jobs means that an individual canÃ¢â¬â¢t survive alone. The introduction of globalization makes this society more complex as the defining factor that makes a organic solidary society is the moral/ dynamic density, which is the number of people in a society and their degree of interactivity between them. Within a globalized world dynamic density is increasing which introduces a more competitve market creating a natural driver for society toShow MoreRelatedDurkheim s Theory Of Social Facts1071 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesQ) Critically evaluate DurkheimÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of Ã¢â¬ËSocial FactsÃ¢â¬â¢ and how might it be used for a study of contemporary society. In this essay, I will go on to examine DurkheimÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of social facts from his book and evaluate how might it be used in contemporary society, Ã¢â¬ËThe Rules of Sociological Method.Ã¢â¬â¢ Durkheim is one of the pioneers of the functionalism and is considered to be one of the founders of classic sociology. Durkheim states that the phrase Ã¢â¬Ësocial factsÃ¢â¬â¢ commonly denotes almost every sociallyRead MoreDurkheim on Totemism1573 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¯ » ¿In order to truly assess the legitimacy of Durkheim s functionalist definition of religion, his notion of Social facts, (upon which his theory is constructed) must be examined. Durkheim advocated that amongst the reputable fields of biology, psychology and history, Sociology also warranted a specific focus. It was, for him: a sui generis something that had to be explained on its own terms. Sociology was not, for Durkheim, a field that should be susceptible to overlapping subject matter:Read MoreThe Theory Of History And Division Of Labor1091 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Theory of History Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim are the great sociologists in this world; they give us many thoughts about the social theory and let us to learn how the society is. They both had described a theory of human history and division of labor. Despite some differences, Marx and Durkheim have concentrated on the emergence of modern capitalism especially with the rise of the modern system of division of labor and the evolution of market society. Their methods are developed through theRead MoreEmile Durkheim1131 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEmile Durkheim, the world s first official Sociologist believes society is a complex structure in which each separate part is responsible for its own function for the benefit of the whole. This essay will explain how society can be both internal and external to human beings, also three characteristics of the social fact concept, and three of Durkheim s sociologically significant concepts. According to Durkheim, society comes in two forms: internal and external. Fi rst, the internal society formsRead MoreKarl Marx, Emile Durkheim And Max Webers Influence On Religion1727 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThree theorists, Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber, are undoubtedly the fathers of modern sociology. Ã¢â¬Å"Nineteenth century Western Europe was pounded by pivotal forces of transformation. Politics, education, religion, communication science, art, and social life were being revolutionized.Ã¢â¬ (Mohseni 1994;85) Each with distinct views on society and religion, these sociologists are and their theories are significant especially in the field of society. Just as much as they play a major role in theRead MoreDurkheim s Theory Of Anomie1530 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages This essay is going to outline Durkheim s theory of anomie and use this to explore the importance of a sense of belonging in modern society. This exploration will be used in explanation of the causes of the modern phenomenon of youth joining gangs. Firstly, the work and focuses of Durkheim will be introduced. Secondly, his concept of anomie and relevant surrounding theories will be defined and explained. Thirdly, the impacts of anomie will be discussed. Next, anomie will be related to the senseRead MoreDurkheim And Weber s Theories Of Religion And Modernity962 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEmile Durkheim and Max Weber are two prominent philosophers whose theories unequivocally differed on countless themes. The outlooks of Durkheim and Weber contrast however, their general message in which they attempt to convey are of similar ideologies. When examining Durkheim and the concept of sacred and profane, one would see how it parallels with WeberÃ¢â¬â¢s notion of enchantment and disenchantment. Their stances on religion correspond with each other and despite their distinct conceptual frameworksRead MoreMarx, Weber And Durkheim s Views On The Social1385 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescore sociology theorists; Marx, Weber and Durkheim, they all had different opinions about how society funct ioned through the different types of relationships. Each theorists had a different perspective about Ã¢â¬Å"the socialÃ¢â¬ and how that perspective presented it through society. MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s view on Ã¢â¬Å"the socialÃ¢â¬ was focused on production relations and how the classes interacted with one another through that type of relationship (Marx 1844). WeberÃ¢â¬â¢s view on Ã¢â¬Å"the socialÃ¢â¬ was focused on meaningful relationshipsRead MoreEmile Durkheim s Theory Of The Founding Fathers Of Modern Sociology841 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEmile Durkheim, is known as one of the founding fathers of modern sociology. Durkheim has the theory that every individual in a community, is to born to live and then die. A Durkheimian definition of community is that it has propinquity, which means residential closeness. Also has a social network where everyone in the community all know each other. Finally, a Durkheimian community must include a collective consciousness, which is when the p eople in the community share the same understanding of rightRead MoreMax Weber And Durkheim s Views On Religion1250 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof beliefs and cultural systems that relate humanity to an order of existence. One of the foundations of religion is social orientation that in one way or another influence a society s social stability. Max Weber along with Emile Durkheim were very influential people in the course of social stability in the 19th century. Weber and Durkheim attempted to make comprehensible social changes, particularly in the aspects of religion of a society. Their perspectives on religion differ on some aspects
Understanding the Dynamics of Culture Shock as a Tool for Vignette Reflection After I finished my Bachelor of Science in Mathematics, I taught for one year in primary school. After which, I taught in the King Saud University which relatively offers better income than my previous work. In order to upgrade my educational skills, I went to the University of Wollongong in Australia to take Masters of Education in Educational Leadership. We will write a custom essay sample on Problem-Posing Vignette or any similar topic only for you Order Now However, since my arrival in the said university, unexpected things came up. These Ã¢â¬Å"unexpectedÃ¢â¬ things I classified as Ã¢â¬Å"problemsÃ¢â¬ since they were disrupting my psyche (ability to understand why things happen in such a way) and to an extent my studies. These problems ranged from the difficulty of learning English to the so-called culture shock. Useful paragraph to set the scene But the problem of learning English could be resolved through a thorough study of the language. This was not the case when it comes to culture shock. For one, understanding culture shock would involve a clear understanding of the cultures that the students in the university belong. Identification of a couple of problems When I took a taxi from the Sydney airport to my place of stay, I noticed that driving was done on the other side of the road unlike in Saudi Arabia. I really thought that I could not drive in Australia, but in due time I was able to do so. Added to that, I also noticed that many people in Australia liked to walk, unlike in Saudi, where all people have cars to use. It was pretty odd for a developed nation not to require its citizens to use cars as a mode of transportation. Maybe it was the preference of most of the people in Australia to walk than use car as a mode of transportation. Whatever the case, I was bound to examine the dynamics of this odd experience. Detail of experience With regard to the issue of gender, in Saudi Arabia, it is the norm that boys cannot study together with girls. In Australia, especially in the university, boys and girls are usually involved in group studies, that is, boys and girls can study together without the restriction of law or custom. One of the Ã¢â¬Å"greatestÃ¢â¬ culture shock that I experienced was the time when girl students of the university (my classmates) study with me. Corollary to that, I also noticed that in Australia, women can teach men on a wide variety of subjects which is generally prohibited in Saudi Arabia. Hence, there were many times that women were teaching me; some were connected to my subjects, others issues essential to my field of specialization. Lastly, I really thought that books in Australia are much cheaper than in Saudi Arabia. But such was not the case. Books in Australia are actually more expensive compared with the books in Saudi Arabia. I was really caught up on this experience since Australia being a developed country can afford its citizens cheap books, but it was not the case (thinking that since Australia encourages promotes education at all levels, it necessarily follows that it will provide cheap educational materials). More detail of experience Now, my primary concern was to how to adapt or at least understand the justification of my experience. Since I came from a different cultural setting, it was hard for me in the start to cope up with the habits and customs of the Australian people. For an ordinary Australian or European, this is not really a problem since their cultural settings are almost similar. In Europe, boys are usually mixed with girls during study periods. I do not know about the prices of books in Europe, but certainly it would not be a problem for the Europeans if the books in an Australian university are cheaper or more expensive than the books in a European university. Walking as a preferred mode of transportation was not really a big deal for Europeans or Asians perhaps. Most of them usually walk as in the case of major European or Asian cities. But in Saudi Arabia, things are quite different. There are laws that prohibit boys from studying with girls. Girls are also prohibited from teaching boys, and with regard to walking, the Saudi government advises its citizens to use car as mode of transportation. Initially, I had this fear that I might not be able to interact effectively with the students of the university because I belong to a different ethnicity, but because of continued acquaintance with the students, gradually I was able to understand the justifications of the cultural setting to which I am now seating. It was really odd for me that because of continued interaction with them, the culture shock that I experienced when I first came in Australia was melting away. Indeed, almost all of the Ã¢â¬Å"culture shocksÃ¢â¬ were for me just common events here in Australia. Now, there are definitely reasons or justifications for events that what meets the eye in the first instance. First, it is the perception of Ã¢â¬Å"oddnessÃ¢â¬ , and then there is understanding. I was able to conclude that continuous interaction with people who came from different ethnicities or cultural settings can help reduce culture shock. The more one interacts and talk to people, the more one understands the concerns of those people. Nonetheless, if biases are removed in the daily interaction with people in the university, one cannot discern the true meaning of the cultural setting presented to you. As such, without much effort, my culture shock was gradually reduced. I just noticed that I was beginning to understand the dynamics of the events that I previously experienced. Reflecting on the past also helped me assessed my understanding of the issues presented to me. Thus what I did not really understand in the past was tested through real-life interaction. Thus, the things or situation I termed as Ã¢â¬Å"culture shockÃ¢â¬ were becoming common things for me. Now there are two questions that should be presented: Ã¢â¬Å"How do I absorb Ã¢â¬Å"culture shockÃ¢â¬ ? and Ã¢â¬Å"How can I help my friends or anyone who wants to reduce the effect of culture shock?Ã¢â¬ How to cite Problem-Posing Vignette, Essay examples
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Sociology: Identity Identity-?Ones personal qualities.?Identiy is something only he or she can fully define. My uncle says I am affectionate,cheerful, and calm. My grandmother sees me as slim, pretty and sweet. My dad described me as perky, cheerful and happy, my mom says beautiful, gentle, and self-conscious. These adjectives describe me accurately, yet they are only abstract versions of me. Adjectives cannot begin to describe me and I aknowlege these descriptions for what they are, a condensed translation from my outward self to the world. It is impossible for anyone to understand me completely because nobody has experienced the things I have. My mother has never cherished a raggedy doll named Katie and my father never spent hours upon hours making collages and scrap books for his future children. My uncle never hid in the back of a pick-up-truck and traveled four hours to New York and my grandmother has never walked hours in the rain looking for the Queen of England. My identity is something only I c an define. Think of a stacking doll. Each outer doll removed reveals another; smaller and more volnerable than the previous. With each section combined there is a whole, but with only a section you cannot see the doll in it's entirety and it is impossible to see whether another is hiding inside. Ones identity is similar. With little knowlege of a person it is impossible to know what is inside and whether there is more to see. Identity is broader than one word definitions, different aspects such as feelings and memories contribute. In order to get the full sense of who a person is, the inner layers must be revealed. The outer layer is how people see me. ?Pretty? was an adjective my family and friends used to describe me. Pretty/?Pleasant to behold.? Though this phrase is not meant to be negative, It makes me feel like I am stupid and that my family couldn't think of adjectives indicating intelligence or creativity. Pleasant means enjoyable... agreeable... welcoming. When characterizing my identity I don't want ?pretty? to be the first word that pops into peoples minds. ?Pretty? says: dull and uninteresting. People in school know me, not because I score winning points in basketball games, or come in first in swim meets. People know me because I am supposedly ?good-looking.? Sometimes I feel like I don't have an identity aside from the way I look, and my definition of identify doesnt include appearance. I sometimes list the things that identify me. My strongest features are my ?different? hair and my ?clear skin.? People have often told me that I should be a ?hand model? or go into commmercialism because I have a ?unique smile? These compliments put a temporary smile on my face, but having clear skin does not make me feel good about myself. Having clear skin does not give me the confidence and self-assurance I need to be happy and accomplish my goals. But according to the majority of my friends and family:my looks are going to get me the farthest ? So I guess in a way my looks are my identity. The problem with characterizations and first impressions is that I don't give an accurate perseption of the real me. I often seem ditsy and spacy, and sometimes I act in a way that doesnt portray the real me, and that frustrates me beyond words. My friends call me ?bubbly,? ?silly,? and ?funny? trying to think of a way to say ditsy that wont hurt my feelings, and these traits aren't neccisarily bad. Atleast I have characteristics that make others happy and cheerful when they are around me. Maybe my identity is best summed up as spacy, ditsy, and distracted. ?Eventhough my grades arent wonderful, and I don't ride a horse six days of the week, atleast I have the amazing ability to understand everyones pain.? A year ago this sentiment was what kept me confident, but lately I have been struggling to believe my friends even like me. Somewhere between junior and senior year I have started analyzing my personality and trying to figure out who I am, and I'm not happy with what I have found. The problem isn't so
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Your Quick Guide to Alter vs. Altar Choosing between alter and altar is really quite simple once you realize that one is a verb (alter) and the other is a noun (altar). At that point, its just a matter of determining whether you need a noun or a verb in the context of a sentence. Lets look at the two definitions:Alter is a verb meaning to make different without changing into something else or to become different. The only time you will see it in another context would be as an adjective (for example, alter ego). In that sense, it will still retain the meaning of having changed but be used as an adjective instead.Altar, on the other hand, is a noun meaning a usually raised structure or place on which sacrifices are offered or incense is burned in worship- often used figuratively to describe a thing given great or undue precedence or value especially at the cost of something else [for example, sacrificed his family life on the altar of career advancement].As you can see, simply looking at the context of the word in the se ntence will help clarify which word (altar vs. alter) should be used. Here are some examples of each word used in context correctly:AlterWhen you dye your hair, you will alter its texture.Dont alter that photo, we want to make sure its the original.AltarThe bride and groom said their vows at an altar decorated with flowers and candles.The ceremony will take place at the churchs altar.
Monday, March 2, 2020
The Agents of Erosion The process known as weathering breaks up rocks so that they can be carried away by the process known as erosion. Water, wind, ice, and waves are the agents of erosion that wear away at the surface of the Earth. Water Erosion Water is the most important erosional agent and erodes most commonly as running water in streams. However, water in all its forms is erosional. Raindrops (especially in dry environments) create splash erosion that moves tiny particles of soil. Water collecting on the surface of the soil collects as it moves towards tiny rivulets and streams and creates sheet erosion. In streams, water is a very powerful erosional agent. The faster water moves in streams the larger objects it can pick up and transport. This is known as critical erosion velocity. Fine sand can be moved by streams flowing as slowly as three-quarters of a mile per hour. Streams erode their banks in three different ways: 1) the hydraulic action of the water itself moves the sediments, 2) water acts to corrode sediments by removing ions and dissolving them, and 3) particles in the water strike bedrock and erode it. The water of streams can erode in three different places: 1) lateral erosion erodes the sediment on the sides of the stream channel, 2) down cutting erodes the stream bed deeper, and 3) headward erosion erodes the channel upslope. Wind Erosion Erosion by wind is known as aeolian (or eolian) erosion (named after Aeolus, the Greek god of winds) and occurs almost always in deserts. Aeolian erosion of sand in the desert is partially responsible for the formation of sand dunes. The power of the wind erodes rock and sand. Ice Erosion The erosive power of moving ice is actually a bit greater than the power of water but since water is much more common, it is responsible for a greater amount of erosion on the earths surface. Glaciers can perform erosive functions - they pluck and abrade. Plucking takes place by water entering cracks under the glacier, freezing, and breaking off pieces of rock that are then transported by the glacier. Abrasion cuts into the rock under the glacier, scooping rock up like a bulldozer and smoothing and polishing the rock surface. Wave Erosion Waves in oceans and other large bodies of water produce coastal erosion. The power of oceanic waves is awesome, large storm waves can produce 2000 pounds of pressure per square foot. The pure energy of waves along with the chemical content of the water is what erodes the rock of the coastline. Erosion of sand is much easier for the waves and sometimes, theres an annual cycle where sand is removed from a beach during one season, only to be returned by waves in another.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Report Child Labour - Essay Example The last five are classified as the "worst forms" under the ILO Convention 182. (ILO 2002). The sheer enormity of the problem is mind boggling - It was estimated (UNICEF, 2005), that the global child labour force was for 5-14 and 15-17 were over 211 million and 141 million resp., of which over 97% were from the developing world. More than 180 Million children below 18 were involved in the "worst forms" of child labour. In the 43 countries of the world with an annual income of $500 or less per person, the percentage of children in child labour is usually between 30% and 60%, whilst in countries where income is between $500 and $1000 the percentage of child labourers drops to between 10% and 30%. They form a vicious circle, poverty giving rise to labour and labour perpetuating poverty. There are many causes of child labour. In developing countries, it is most often the need for additional income felt by both the parents and the child. Sometimes the child may work for only board and lodge in order to learn the trade as apprentices from a relative/ family friend. The family as an economic unit may also expect the child to chip in with its contribution at the shop, farm or small factory. Family breakdowns and natural calamities force children to take on the role of one or both parents to support themselves and their siblings. Trafficked children do not have the luxury of choice and very likely end up crossing borders illegally to be sold into the sex trade. It is also actively pursued by employers, since the children are cheap and obedient and can be easily coerced to work without benefits for low/no wages in the absence of adequate legal framework and infrastructure to determine the true age of children. In developed countries, children seek employment to secure financial independence from their parents. UNICEF, ILO, most NGOs and governments believe that child labour is exploitative and should be discouraged, since they perpetuate poverty. A contrary view is held by employers and sometimes parents in the developing countries, who genuinely believe that the local population benefits from this economic activity as their families would have suffered more in the absence of this activity. John Blundell (Blundell of the Institute of Economic Affairs who believes wholly in the efficacy of the free market argues: Child labour is not the modern invention of "globalisation". All farming has always used children. Scotland's school summer holidays exist not so everyone can fly down to the Spanish Costas, but so children are free to help with the harvest. To learn rural skills was the reality of education in most of human history. In more urban areas, the young would learn other appropriate skills. I believe that working in scruffy factories in Manila or Nairobi is an opportunity for the people involved. Making fashion garments or chic trainers for eventual sale on Princes Street offers far greater benevolence than the humbugging of overseas aid. Aid is famously described as a device by which the poor people in the West fund the rich of the Third World. But free trade in shirts transfers money from the rich